Friday, October 17, 2008


Yuyao is a city in Zhejiang province, China, capital of Yuyao County, Ningbo. Administratively Yuyao is under the direct jurisdiction of Ningbo.

It is located 40 km west of Ningbo, 120 km east of Hangzhou, bordering Hangzhou Bay at the north. Yuyao covers an area of 1,527 km?.

Yuyao has a local population of 120,000 in downtown, within the total 850,000 in the county. However, recently the migrated workers and their families have almost doubled the total population to about 1.6 million, but they do not show up in the official census and other related statistics data.

Yuyao lies in a subtropical monsoon zone, rich in sunshine and rain fall, warm and humid, distinct in the four seasons. The mean annual sunshine is 2,061 hours and the annual rate of sunshine is 47%. The mean annual temperature is 16 degree Celsius and the coldest months perennial are January and February, the hottest are July and August. The mean annual precipitation is around 1,300 millimeters and changes greatly from year to year. The hyetal distribution is also uneven during a year, and the rainfall centers on East Asian rainy season from April to June and typhoon period from July to December.

Yuyao offers a wide variety of landscape from wide open ocean in Hangzhou Bay, rice fields in fertile plains to high spires in Siming Mountains. Yaojiang River originates in Siming Mountains in the south where the Ninth Fantasy World of Taoism is located. Yaojiang River goes through the county and extends eastward into East China Sea as well as Pacific Ocean.

Yuyao is well known for its rich heritage of civilization. The Neolithic Hemudu culture formed in Yuyao about 5,000 B.C. is one of the earliest sites of human civilization on earth. The material and ethical relics revealed large-scale rice plantation and other agricultural activities, hurdle style architecture, paddling and boating and respecting birds and sun.

Yuyao also produced many famous scholars in the history, for example, Yan Zi-Ling in Han Dynasty, Yu Fan in Three Kingdoms Period, Yu Xi in , Yu Shinan in Sui Dynasty and Tang Dynasty, Wang Yangming, Zhu Shunshui and Huang Zongxi in Ming Dynasty. Wang Yangming and Huang Zongxi were ranked among China’s top 10 ideologists. Yuyao was then named as “the Most Famous County”and “the Famous State on Literature”. During the Anti-Japanese War, Yuyao was one of China’s 19 bases against Japanese invaders, and was the center of anti-Japanese bases of eastern Zhejiang province.

Yuyao is known as a place for rice and fish. Its economy has been booming as private enterprises dominate after the economic reform began in late 1970s. In 2007, GDP will reach RMB 34 billions, with double digit annual growth rates over the past 20 years. It ranked as one of the top-20 counties in terms of comprehensive economic strength out of all the 2100 counties in China. The industry products are mainly electric appliances, plastic moulding, machinery and textiles. High-tech industries such as materials, optical, electro-mechanical integration and fine chemical industry are developing rapidly. The main agriculture, forestry and animal husbandry products of Yuyao are tea, fruits like waxberry and mandarain orange, bamboo, silkworm, fowl, livestock and fish. Fresh produce is available in all seasons.

The Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo Expressway and China National Highway 329 and Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo Railway go through Yuyao. The world's longest trans-oceanic bridge - the 36 km Hangzhou Bay Bridge - is under construction near the northern border of Yuyao; it will reduce the cross bay traffic to only 80 km from the current 420 km section of Shanghai-Hangzhou-Ningbo Expressway around Hangzhou Bay.

Yuhuan County

Yuhuan County is located in , at the midsection along the coast of southeastern Zhejiang .

Yuhuan, with total area of 2279 square kilometers including land area of 378 square kilometers, has a total population of 392,800 containing a permanent population of 93,000 from other provinces and regions.

The county is one of the most prosperous in the province. It is especially known for its production of valves, automobile parts, and furniture.

The county has an especially divisive contrast between the local elite and migrants from other regions of China. Most physical labourers and low-wage jobs are held by migrants while most local businesses are controlled in the hands of natives of the county.

The county is very diverse linguistically. The majority speak a form of the Taizhou dialect, while the villages of Chenyu and Kanmen are home to a Minnan-speaking population, whose ancestors migrated to this region from Fujian about a century ago. Wenzhou dialect is also spoken in the region. The three languages are noticeably different and are not mutually intelligible amongst each other or with Mandarin, the official language of China.

Yuhuan administers 6 towns and 3 villages, referring to Zhugang Town , Chumen Town, Qinggang Town, Lupu Town, Ganjiang Town, Shamen Town, Longxi Village, Jishan Village and Haishan Village.


Yiwu is a city of about 1,000,000 people in central Zhejiang Province near the central eastern coast of the People's Republic of China. The city is famous for its small commodity trade and vibrant flea markets and is a regional tourist destination. Although administratively Yiwu is a county-level city, its fame nationally surpasses that of Jinhua, the prefecture-level city of which it is technically under jurisdiction.


Yiwu was founded in the Qin dynasty, at or about 222 BC. Yiwu's long history flourished as early as the Neolithic Age. Yiwu first became a county in 222BC and was renamed Yiwu County in the year 624 AD. In May 1988, the former Yiwu County was upgraded to a county-level city. In 1995, Yiwu ranked the 47th among China's 100 most powerful counties/cities regarding comprehensive economic strength and in the same year listed as Zhejiang's sole city among the nation's experimental counties/cities of comprehensive reform. In 2001, the Yiwu overall economy ranked 19th of all counties of China.

Yiwu's early culture has given birth to many great figures in the fields of literature, art military, education, and engineering. Among these were Chen Wangdao, China's first translator of the Communist Manifesto; , historian and former deputy mayor of Beijing; Zhu Zhixi, the meritorious engineer in harnessing the Yellow River, and Zongze, a well-known general from the Song Dynasty who resisted aggression by the .


Yiwu is located 100 km south of the city of Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang Province. The nearest city to Yiwu is Dongyang. The area, as in most of the Province of Zhejiang, is in a mountainous region.


Yiwu is technically part of the greater Municipal region of Jinhua, although it has a distinct urban core. On China's administrative strata it is a sub-prefecture level city. It has under its jurisdiction 15 towns and 8 villages, which covers 1102.8 square kilometers, 15 square kilometers of which are urban area of 650,000 people . There has been talk of merging the Yiwu and Jinhua areas into a single municipal zone or economic entity, but this plan has yet to make its way into any formal discussion.


Yiwu is famous in China as a center. People from all over the world come to Yiwu City to buy commodities for resale in other parts of China or abroad. Yiwu's China Small-Commodity Market has for 6 consecutive years topped China's 100 top open markets and was for successive years listed as China's civilized open market. It has been named as the banner of China's market economy and with a large variety of quality but cheaper commodities, the market has become a shopping paradise for tourists. The Yiwu wholesale market concept habe provided the basis for the controversial in Kalmar, Sweden.

The GDP reached 42.1 billion yuan in 2007, an increase of 15.7% from 2006, and the per capita GDP reached 59,144 yuan . The per capita urban disposable income reached 25,007 yuan and rural pure income 10,255 yuan, increasing 15.9% and 16.4% respectively.

Its 4C-grade airport has opened over a dozen of air routes to such cities as Beijing, Guangzhou, Shantou, Weifang and Shenzhen. The Zhejiang-Jiangxi Railway and Hangzhou-Jinhua Expressway pass through the city, making Yiwu an important local transportation hub. Express trains from Shanghai South Railway Station take less than three hours.


Yiwu boasts an quality stadium and a large Christian . Many events associated with trade take place in Yiwu City. Yiwu also has a sizable and Muslim population, mostly working in the import and export businesses. Yiwu is also known as the "sock town" as it produces over three billion pairs of socks for Wal-Mart, Pringle and Disney annually. Yiwu is also known as China's number one producer of fashion jewelry.

Yinzhou District, Ningbo

Yinzhou is a district of Ningbo in Zhejiang province, China.


In 220 B.C, Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of Qin Dynasty established three counties called Yin, Mao and Juzhang . Later they merged into Juzhang county during the Sui Dynasty. It was renamed as Mao county in the Tang Dynasty. It had assumed its' current name Yin by the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. The city of Ningbo was administrated by Yin county until after
the establishment of the People's Republic of China. At the same time Yin county became a county of Ningbo city. On Apr. 19, 2002, it was renamed as Yinzhou District. It is one of the few counties that still keep the same name since their establishment more than 2000 years ago.


Liangzhu Cultural Park , built to commemorate the beautiful love story of Liang Shanbo and Zhu Yingtai. The story is based on the Chinese legend of the Butterfly Lovers.
Tiantong Scenic Spot mainly consists of Tiantong Temple and Tiangtong National Forest Park. Tiantong Temple is one of the most important Zen Buddhist temples. Originally built during the West Jin Dynasty around 300 AD . It ranks second among the five sacred Chinese Zen Buddhist mountains. A very large complex of buildings, its one time total of 999 rooms has now shrunk to a "mere" 730 today arranged in twenty groups of buildings rising up the mountain slope
Eyuwang Temple built in A.D. 232, it is the only existing temple named after Ashoka the Great in China.
Dongqian Lake lying in the southeast of Yinzhou District, is the largest natural freshwater lake in Zhejiang province with a water surface area of 20 square kilometers. Since ancient times the Lake has been a famous scenic spot in Eastern Zhejiang.


Yinzhou District is home to more than 15,000 industrial organizations. The economy mainly consists of six sectors including light textile, garment, machinery, electronics, automobile parts and food. In 2004, its GDP reached RMB 27.79 billion yuan.
Its imports and exports totalled as USD 3.34 billion, 2.55 billion from exports. By the end of 2004, the district is home to 1018 foreign businesses with a contractually used foreign capital of USD 1.704 billion and actually used foreign capital of USD 947 million.

Xiacheng District

Xiacheng District is an administrative district in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province of China.

It has an area of 31 square kilometers, and a population of 330,000. Its postal code is 310006.

The district government is located on 200 Qingchun Rd.


Tongxiang City is a county-level city, part of Jiaxing , in northern Zhejiang Province, China. Population : 109,976.

The scenic town of Wuzhen is part of Tongxiang.

Hángbáijú , a variety of , originates from Tongxiang. There are also annual Chrysanthemum festivals.

Tongxiang is also one of biggest woolen sweater manufacturing base. In 2006, Tongxiang sold over 600 million woolen sweaters.

it's also the hometown of famous writer, Mao Dun .

Shangcheng District

Shangcheng District is an administrative district in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province of China. There lies the ruins of Empire City of Song Dynasty. Some prominent schools are located there, including , Hangzhou Second High School, and Hangzhou Fourth High School.

Hangzhou's four academies of classical learning in ancient time are located here. They are Wansong Academy , Ziyang Academy , Qiushi Academy , and Zongwen Academy .

It also hosts the headquarter of military region in the province.

It has an area of 18 square kilometers, and a population of 310,000. The postal codes include 310001, 310002, 310003, 310006, 310008, 310009, 310016.

The district government is located on 3 Huimin Rd.